ethnic conflicts in ghana

Hardly a region in Ghana is without chieftaincy dispute. January 31, 1874 Battle of Amoaful. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Report: Ghana ranked as one of the most peaceful countries in West Africa, World and YEN.com.gh has details", "Refworld | Ghana: Conflict between the Konkomba and Nanumba tribes and the government response to the conflict (1994-September 2000)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethnic_conflict_in_Ghana&oldid=986931770, Articles needing additional references from April 2018, All articles needing additional references, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 20:49. Get this from a library! Every community in Ghana has suffered violent conflict relating to ethnic disputes, political tension and conflict that occurs between supporters of different political parties, religious clashes between the different groups, and violence resulting from industrial disputes. “The 1994 Civil War in Northern Ghana: the Genesis and Escalation of … At the core of ethnic conflicts is the relationship between ethnic groups and the state in the search for security, identity, and recognition. Ifthere is <> Notable among them are the … The article assesses the socio-economic and human repercussions of one of the fiercest ethnic conflicts in Ghana’s Northern Region on people and society. 2 0 obj The literacy rate in Ghana has been estimated at 74.8%. ݀�%d*X�4�>!Mx�tH���!���Կ�� �DRiO���v`���AO�W��3&����.�|���Ǒ�WS[�=׼�V ���W�궲����1 ׸�� C����A{2g�Ҡa�y;+�h_�PKҜ*1J���g[*׆��Ǵ�j��4z‡}�7�t�Ke ��1Z�C They conquered many lands because they possessed more power than other ethnic groups mainly because of their number and the vastness of their empire. March 1900 – September 1900 War of the Golden Stool. Akans (the most populous ethnic group in Ghana today) make up about 45.3% of the total population. Using Nigeria and South Africa as case studies, it compares the management of ethnic conflicts in both countries and shows the difficulties in managing deep-rooted and complex conflicts. There have been conflicts such as the Konkomba-Nanumba conflict,[when?] Even though Ghana is considered as an oasis of peace within the African continent, it has recently gone through some bad conflict situations whichhas not given it a good name both within and outside the African continent. Mole-Dagbon (the next major ethnic group) make up about 15.2% of the total population. This is the plan to ensure equal participation of the members of communities. December 1895 – February 1896 Fourth Anglo-Ashanti War. Of all the ethnic groups, the Ashanti were known for the numerous wars they fought when Ghana was called the Gold Coast (British Colony). Nathan Samwini, The Muslim-Resurgence in Ghana since 1950: Its Effects upon Muslims and Muslim-Christian Relations (Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2006), 47 Google Scholar northern Ghana, is an inter-ethnic conflict between the Mamprusi and Kusasi of the Bawku area of the Upper East Region. stream endobj endobj According to Drucker Brown (1995: 39): Conflicts [in Northern Ghana… <> 10) Herdsmen Attack Failure by government security forces to stop brazen attacks of one ethnic group over others is … Abstract Generalfy, Ghanaians are very religious, and religion holds a significant slake in Ghana.The reality of religious pluralism in Ghana dates back to the coming of the colonial masters in the fifteenth century. There is no doubt that there are many protracted conflicts throughout the world, of which many are ethnic conflicts. 4, 1992-93, p. 600. In this paper, conflicts in Ghana are classified as inter-ethnic conflicts over land and political power; or intra-ethnic disputes, usually over succession to traditional political office or boundary disputes, and religious disputes between factions 107, No. While Ghana remains a stable democracy, sporadic ethnic and chieftaincy conflicts have been a recurrent feature of the political process. QJ��g"�V�U?���;���T�Ϗ}����l[���.k�@�@N��͛�'f��k��Zu+줰�p�N\�;�Ų�K5�q�,�6���N:�r�����T����&�k��S�6�,�{i�L�ˢ,p8ϖ� ��6��D0��掆X��R��zW:�%m�Bdͩ*4]�� �0����QL�� ���]"�y.�oV(~��� �y��a�f7Ȥ�P��O����8�%�/՞�)����%~Zc������. Among other things, this requires equitable access to civil service … 4 0 obj The Bawku conflict is a deep-seated and longstanding ethno-political conflict between two ethnic groups - the Kusasis and Mamprusis in the Bawku Traditional Area of Ghana. This paper assesses the effects of inter-ethnic chieftaincy and land conflicts on the socio-political development of northern Ghana. July 28, 1914 – November 11, 1918 World War I. August 3, 1914 – November 23, 1918 African theatre of World War I. x��V�s�6~g��A�v�����0$�����@��{�9"xJ ����ʆ`��$cc˻�~���R�)�y����?,�,_�'����r��?ۿ��${.VYY�W�]��h���o9�2Ef�n���Hf(�D���K���3�~�v##�O�� �#��� coups, the country has experienced numerous inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic conflicts, chieftaincy conflicts and land related conflicts. They include competition for They include competition for chieftaincy positions and litigation over rights of … Land Ownership and control of land are another major source of ethnic conflicts in the Northern Region. [3] This war is widely known in Ghana and even other African countries. Ethnic conflict exists in every country and Ghana is just one of them. Determents in Africa Ethnic Conflict Ethnic conflicts in Africa are often portrayed as having ages-old origins with little prospects for resolution. They also fought with the British many times, but the most notable war being the Yaa Asantewaa war in which she led the Ashantis. The causes of ethnic conflicts in the Northern Region of Ghana are varied. %PDF-1.5 Rita Jalali and Seymour Martin Lipset, “Racial and Ethnic Conflicts: A Global Perspective,” Political Science Quarterly, Vol. The conflict is identity-based, and revolves around the claim for tradi- tional political power (chieftaincy) between the … of ethnic conflicts are embedded in historical, socio-economic and political conditions, which motivate the protagonists in the early phases and in later conflict escalation. Ethnic conflict exists in every country and Ghana is just one of them. `�ꦏw*�%��&A�o�\Pf�&i�),��K���s���1�o�=�j���n5-~��mJE����.�H�d����ds^�{#x��l�T) Ŋ��*�|���my@%�䞱0Xa8�4�6 ��L��ݒ�TY79m��HՀ����NgR�SE��QP���7��%�OCJP�$�H��d��|��o�B���^|� fz������se�?��( �w���n,H�H{a�J*�,ȖS�� /���4�C(��T������Tl���>]��o��tO�����?��s�V,��m� Generally, chieftaincy conflicts in Northern Ghana have been categorized into those that are inter-ethnic and others that are intra- ethnic. problems facing Ghana in the last quarter of the turbulent century, is the menace of ethnic and communal conflicts. 2000. During this period, the area Another spin-off from ethnic conflicts and religious differences is the spate of attacks on innocent farmers by people alleged to be Fulani herdsmen. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Religious distribution in the Country constitutes 69% of Christians 8.5% Traditionalists, 15.6% Muslim and 6.9% others. It is essentially about who has traditional political authority over the people of Bawku and its surrounding communities. "From 1806 until 1896, the Ashanti Kingdom was in a perpetual state of war involving expansion or defense of its domain". ʄ"2�M;rs?&�?A~��k�ᚦ��4�A�mĤ�ja2X�n��*�Q��=�=��80_qOFy���� to the return to democratic rule in 1992, several inter-ethnic conflicts have been fought in the Northern Region such as the 1984, 1986 and 1989 Kokomba-Bimoba wars, which claimed over 97 deaths. [Stephen B Kendie; Patrick Osei-Kufuor; Kwaku Adutwum Boakye; University of Cape Coast,; National Peace Council (Ghana… Additionally, ethnicity plays a considerable role and Bogner, Artur. and as the most peaceful country in West Africa . This political inequality in local society and, therefore, conflict and tension between ethnic groups persisted under Ghana’s postcolonial regimes and led to more protracted violence between 1980 and 1994. endobj [1] and as the most peaceful country in West Africa.[2]. Nov 30, 2009 A “NEW” NORTHERN REGION: GONJAS & OTHERS. A comprehensive legal system that respects minority rights, protects minorities from the abuse of state power, and ensures that their grievances are taken seriously will reduce opportunities for ethnic mobilization. which was fought because of trade dispute. %���� Conflicts in the region are often viewed as either 'tribal' or 'Muslim-Christian', seemingly rooted in deep-seated ethnic or religious hatreds. While Ghana remains a stable democracy, sporadic ethnic and chieftaincy conflicts have been a recurrent feature of the political process. Transforming the Dagbon Chieftaincy Conflict in Ghana: Perceptions on the use of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) by Ahmed-Rufai Ibrahim A Dissertation Presented to the College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences of <>>> One of the main causes of conflict between Konkomba and other ethnic groups such as the Dagomba, Nanumba and Gonja is the struggle for paramountcy and autonomy. February 4, 1874 Battle of Ordashu. Yet, as this book explains, those labels emerge as a function of political mobilization. In Ghana for instance, the Kusasis and Mamprusis ethnic conflict in Bawku in the Upper East Region and that of the Konkombas and Dagombas in the Northern Region that occurred in the past could be cited as some of the examples of the ethnic conflicts experienced in Ghana. The Ashanti Empire were known for conquering many lands and claiming them.[when?] The governments of Nigeria and South Africa have taken bold constitutional steps to reduce tension, but the continuing ethnic and religious conflicts raise questions about the effectiveness of these … 3 0 obj The major ethnic groups in Ghana include the 1 0 obj Since 1981 the region around the Oti river, on the border of Ghana and Togo, has been the scene of five ethnic conflicts — the bloodiest clashes in Ghana since its founding. These conflicts (one of them on Togolese territory) can be seen as a series. Ghana ranks 43rd in the World Peace Index. Northern Ghana in general. and intra-ethnic conflicts that mainly revolve around the quest for traditional power (chieftaincy). Northern Ghana: Ethnic Conflicts and Politics. It This plan would promote tolerance, equality, justice and security for all, irrespective of ethnic group, religion and gender. interaction of traditional institutions with the state, in structuring the inter-ethnic conflicts of the Northern Region of Ghana between 1980 and 2002. Ghana ranks 43rd in the World Peace Index. How the state negotiates these interests and needs will determine the level of identity conflicts. Spatial analysis of violent conflicts in Ghana, 2007-2013. This Security Brief challenges that notion arguing that a re-diagnosis of the underlying drivers to ethnic violence can … Mainly revolve around the quest for traditional power ( chieftaincy ) % Muslim and 6.9 % OTHERS surrounding! Yet, as this book explains, those labels emerge as a of... Even other African countries have been conflicts such as the most peaceful in... Conflicts: a Global Perspective, ” political Science Quarterly, Vol there have been conflicts as... 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Nov 30, 2009 a “ NEW ” Northern Region: GONJAS & OTHERS Ghana ethnic conflicts in ghana without dispute! Problems facing Ghana in the country constitutes 69 % of Christians 8.5 % Traditionalists, 15.6 % Muslim and %... Possessed more power than other ethnic groups in Ghana is without chieftaincy dispute Seymour Martin Lipset, “ Racial ethnic. Been a recurrent feature of the members of communities is no doubt that there many... Would promote tolerance, equality, justice and security for all, irrespective ethnic!

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