moisture on floor

My guess is reasonable temperature with the addition of some type of dehumidification, if your HVAC isn’t suitably equipped, will be the prescribed method for continuing the drying process. They had a wood flooring specialist from NWFA come out. Unnatural water sources can also leak water. The seal was good, so that was not the problem. Saturday it rained all day. I am pretty sure that this old home does not have a vapor barrier. If so, the vinyl backing would get wet and lead to mold, and that could be a big problem. It’s also called the moisture vapor emission rate (MVER) test. The builder declined to replace our floors saying that the slab moisture is high because we added a patio and pool on the back of the house blocking the moisture in the slab from escaping. It’s not testing the moisture condition that matters over the long haul. Along with accurate, actionable testing, we’ve also compiled a one-stop list of manufacturers that provide an RH tolerance specification for their flooring products at Preparatory materials like adhesives or plywood will seal up the concrete. Good luck. We tried to blast water into our home from outside to see if that was the source but couldn’t make it happen. I started cutting some of these areas of sheetrock and found out that the whole entire first floor ceiling has mold. The compression caused by the troweling closes off the evaporation outlets in the slab. Is it the glue or is it the moist from the new concrete floor? I would lean towards condensation based on where you are located and what little information I have. Details are at FLOOR WOOD, DAMAGE DIAGNOSIS. Efflorescence typically can’t happen without there being moisture in the concrete to help transport the salts to the surface. Wet floors can also promote mold growth. We are currently in the process of installing well pointing and a sump pump to drain water away from the house. When I use a pin moisture meter, of course it will read low moisture, but I was not satisfied with that. I believe when I seen them being installed there was a light green paper or??? To get more detailed information, such as the exact depth of a moisture pocket in a wooden board, an insulated pin wood moisture meter can be used. Use a vapor retarder or a barrier that will not allow moisture to escape through the layers. The real risk to a successful floor lies with the moisture that can accumulate within the layer between the concrete slab and the flooring itself. The Rapid RH family helps you prevent your concrete slab from being the source of a moisture-related flooring adhesive or grout failure. Hello, we installed vinyl plank flooring directly on top of our concrete slab in the basement (the flooring is 100% water proof). I bought some vinyl floors and sone PVC floor glue which i installed in a new concrete floor. Thanks for the comment. In fact, the existing water source itself may not be the problem. I live in Central Minnesota with moderate to minus 20 or colder Winters, and typically dry air. Being the house is built in the late 70’s, there may be a good chance that it either didn’t have a vapor retarder under the concrete slab originally or that retarder is no longer whole due to age. It is not, however, the best test if you are planning to put an epoxy coating on the floor. Looking at the age of the home and/or the potential that the sunroom may have been added later, if I had to guess, there probably isn’t an intact vapor retarder under that slab. I brought an air condition company to see if that could be related to issues with my AC unit. Our house is entirely tiled and experienced a major water leak last week which covered most of the floors and flowed out under the front door. As a result we are going to lay down a plastic vapor barrier on top of the slab PLUS put pergo gold underlayment on top of it, THEN finally the flooring. Thanks. These give either lbs of vapor emission from the slab or an internal relative humidity. Good luck. Ideally, it should be between 7% and 9%. A little rainfall or a bit of groundwater can drain away with well-designed drainage. I have an attached 3-season porch with a concrete slab installed in 1956, tiled in 1995. So I think the problem really is a 3-season one. Additionally, turning off all environmental controls makes perfect sense, from an economical side, when no one is inhabiting the cottage, but it has the potential to cause severe issues to the interior of the cottage. In february 2019 we replaced the the toilet bowl but we replaced it by ourselves following the instructions of the toilet bowel manufacturer. Only testing performed at the correct depth can let you determine if the final moisture condition of the slab will be compatible with the flooring and the products used to install it. When we bought the house a guy went under the home to inspect and it came out in good shape. Do habe an idea what is happening? A floor with a white or greyish powdery stain (also called “efflorescence”) likely has excess moisture. I was looking for another product to permanently seal the slab and tried a product called Xypex. Three days ago a professional came to install the toilet bowl correctly and he said that there is moist under the laminate, the laminate is still wet. Any ideas . Get it as soon as Wed, Dec 9. i HAVE BEEN REMODELING MY 50 YEAR OLD HOME..I REMOVED ALL THE CARPET AND HAVE VINYL/FOAM BACKED FLOORING INSTALLED. In the 30 years we have lived here I never say any water coming up through the slab, but, would there be condensation between vinyl and slab? The first element to consider is moisture. A moisture barrier may or may not be needed to insure good adhesion of your vinyl floor, so do your homework to avoid problems later on down the road. They also had a plumber test our lines – they all were fine. What do you think our next step should be? Thanks. I’m in southeast Florida, we removed carpet and installed porcelain tile on our slab (20+ year old home) Here’s how to measure the moisture content of wood using a pinless moisture meter. ASTM F2170 (Standard Test Method for Determining Relative Humidity in Concrete Floor Slabs Using in situ Probes) specifies the depth based on whether the concrete is poured on grade and whether vapor retarders are used. We went back to the people that installed it and they said they will not come back and touch it until it is fixed. We have never had any problems with the hardwood floors or baseboards before. First, test the moisture level of the subfloor. If there is condensation on the underside of the plastic you’ll need to seal the floor for water vapor. This page briefly describes moisture sources, moisture movement mechanisms and typical basement moisture problems. We don’t know why it hasn’t been able to dry out. I am trying to check RH in my concrete floor (after huge damage with water pipes) with device named TQC but there are 4 possible ways to check it and I cannot find which of them is most suitable for checking RH: I have all weather mats, the truck is an 18’ new and no signs … If this is the case, about the only easy solution I am aware of is to elevate whatever is in contact with floor to allow airflow. Is it possible for vapor emission to cause water to actually puddle on top of the floor when the floor consists of VCT on a concrete slab? Other testing mistakes include not inserting the sensor to the proper depth. Thanks for the question. First, slab moisture tests are usually a required part of installing a floor based on the manufacturer’s specifications and in order to get a warranty. 3 years ago we removed the original flooring in the basement. Now water——-would a “TRANSITION” help as the people that installed it said it might??? Since we ripped up the carpet and let the slab dry out in the bedrooms, we have noticed that the efflorescence isn’t as bad in adjoining tiled areas but there are about 3 spots on the floor in the living room that a little bit of water is pooling in the grout lines. summary We had previously removed all the first floor sheetrock, and removed the mold. How do I solve this??? Concrete 0-6% Somehow it’s seeping into the area of dirt BETWEEN the slab and footer and has been wetting the soils under our floor. Copyright © 2020 Wagner Meters|Warranty|Return Policy|Terms & Conditions|Privacy Policy. Jason, It’s hard to say if it’s one thing or a combination of things that are causing the issues. Kipha, So we ordered a sealer online, sealed a portion of the floor (twice), waited 72 hours and then laid down sample vinyl planks on top of it. Your email address will not be published. Excess moisture is caused by a number of ways a few being: the hardwood floor is cupping or cracking, you see efflorescence or a white residue on the concrete floor, or the floor over the concrete is blistering or peeling away. I want to put down a floating Luxury Vinyl floor and have several concerns. Your first step is to have a reliable concrete moisture test done. i hope this post will help a lot . We have had 80 hours with the dehumidifier and blowers but still high moisture in the slab. With no vapor retarder, vapor from the soil has a direct, unobstructed path to the slab. is there any regulation/law that sais how high RH in concrete can be before putting tiles/parquete on it? Take all necessary actions if pouring concrete below grade or at a wet building site. - DF. Per their recommendation, we are having a plumber come out to do a hydrostatic test to make sure there isn’t a broken pipe in the slab. Flooring installers and restoration experts alike frequently have to deal with moisture problems in flooring. Thank you. When we did this, we found out that there was condensation on the inside of the ceilings again. It provides a moisture measuring range of 5% to 30%. We pulled up our new flooring (installed 2 months ago) because it wasn’t leveled right. Moisture can be a problem when a floor that looks dry really isn't. Do you have any idea, what could be causing this? I really appreciate your time and thoughts on this. This MAY lessen the issue. In extreme cases, when you started with wet concrete or when the ground beneath the slab is very wet, the floor can actually be damp and slick and moisture will condense beneath objects placed on the slab. You may want to start here Doing this would probably at least tell you that the issues are potentially related to moisture in the slab. Hi. Any other options so that I can get floors installed and my house back in order? It is now happening again. We may share your information with our social media, advertising, and analytics partners. Thanks for the comment and I am sorry for your issues. In the mean time, 3 months had passed and the areas from my first application appeared surprisingly dry almost like the process took longer than it was supposed to. Moisture from the concrete sub-floor can soak into the underside of your flooring and cause it to warp and build up mold. There are different degrees of “sealing” and you really need to understand how much moisture there is in the slab before you can attempt to remedy. If the tile surface is cooler than the warm, humid room air, the moisture inside the air becomes the dampness on the floor tile when the warm air and cool floor meet. I am quite concerned, because we purchased a log home in OH with a basement that flooded about 8 times, before we realized the water was coming up through the concrete floor. I have held off on installing major, overkill French drains around the perimeter of my foundation until I can define the source. So the questions become, did you appropriately install the “sealer” you used, what claims does the manufacturer have in their installation documents (what is the maximum RH% the product will withstand and what does it claim to diminish the vapor transmission rate to). Thanks for the question. Please text or email me anytime. old vs new, is this just a renovation or was there a catastrophic event that caused the need for the flooring change (flood), I would recommend having a discussion with the contractor about options. The truest way to protect a floor system is to ensure that all components are safe from excess moisture intrusion from any source. Hi. The room started smelling and we ripped out carpet. I am trying to determine the best way to fix this from happening. We have since sealed the windows. You need to do an MVT or moisture vapor transmission test on your floor’s surface prior to applying either epoxy or paint on it. My insurance company has denied my claim so now I am at a loss as to who to contact or what my next step is. Vinyl flooring can either be glued to the subfloor or it can float on top of it, and either way, moisture underneath it causes problems. Good luck. Anyone else getting moisture on the passenger side floor? Less than a year after, some of the tiles buckled up at the grout line and were replaced by the flooring people, the thought was there was not enough glue. The damage resulted in my having to have the Karndean taken up, the area allowed to dry for a while and then new Karndean being relaid. We have stained concrete floors and have a huge problem with efflorescence. After the pressure was released i was able to scrape out more grout. Hurried construction schedules create all sorts of moisture (among other) threats. This may be some of the problem. it was a shadow but with closer inspection the tiles are turning a dark grey. Good luck. If the moisture is coming up through your concrete floor, it becomes critically important to resolve this issue. I got some informative answers from you. We had to have two sump pumps installed to fix that issue. Any moisture the slab doesn’t need is moisture that can undermine your flooring installation. The home was built on a raise slab. Sometimes, if the moisture in your basement is located on the ceiling or walls beneath a bathroom or kitchen, an interior water leak is to blame. During the cure time of concrete, moisture moves upwards and evaporates leaving a trail of air holes behind that are effectively like small straws. Thank you. Groung Moisture Barrier is polythene sheeting that is at least 0.25 mm thick and covers the ground under a house. Excessive water can also intrude in a structure due to poor subfloor protection. It is just when you started explaining your idea of how to solve the problem, I thought about this product because it seems to do what you were trying to achieve. Thanks for the comment. I have seen something of this nature on a sports floor. There were 14×14 inch ceramic tile with a ¼ inch grout lines in the rest of the home, which never showed water or efflorescence. It would be best to have someone look at your issue because it could be multiple things. It’s helpful to have a separation barrier between the ground and vapor retarder. Low water to cement ratio, using pumps to dewater, not using a vapor retarder, and not allowing concrete to adequately dry and cure are all ways to prevent moisture problems on concrete floors. summary Thanks for your help. Unfortunately, ambient conditions often corrupt MVER test results. Our windows had condensation and to where there was a puddle on my windowsills. How Concrete Hardens and Dries . Nobody yet has found the culprit and I’m getting more and more worried about this problem, because the fall and winter months are coming. How to check if water is leaking under the other two toilet bowls? The moisture reading is 28 – 30%. Thank you for any information you can give me. The reasoning is that many of the products used to measure the moisture don’t give appropriate installation information after the “sealers” are installed. Moisture, as you would guess, is the underlying cause of sweating on concrete floor slabs. new gutters, surface ground drains, multiple drilled holes all the way through my slab with no signs of moisture, 5 holes- 4 ft deep, surrounding my slab on the affecting side of the house with NO ground water layers, new a/c return vent, correcting a negative air pressure issue within the home, and more. Standing water on floor. Thanks for the comment. I am willing to bet this would be your most challenging investigation yet, if you are able to help me out. Measuring the moisture content of hardwood floors is a vital step in the hardwood floor installation process. Thanks for the question. There are multiple products out there to help with this problem, but you will need to better understand how much moisture you have in your concrete. How do we deal with this problem. Thanks for the question. I don’t know what to do now. TOM: Yeah, I was thinking cooler, moist air against a warmer floor could cause additional condensation on laminate floor. This tells me its probably that. Shipped with USPS Priority Mail. And I think I can explain why you’re seeing that moisture on the floor in the spring. One we enclosed the room, we had contracts put levelor on it, then we laid carpet. Good luck. Adhering to the ASTM standard and installing RH sensors every 1,000 square feet is the only way to go to ensure greatest testing reliability. If there’s excess moisture trapped in the concrete, it will eventually reveal itself in ugly and possibly dangerous ways. You want to make sure to maintain a low level of humidity in the air to ensure continued drying. Any insight to the problem and/or recommendations to solve would be appreciated! Thanks for the question. It works good for very old concrete floors as well as new ones. Jerry, Thanks for the comment. You may proceed to your floor with paint or epoxy. I cannot accept that NO ONE can determine a source for this water. I would look here to see if there are any certified moisture testing people in your area. Leave them for short period of time and see if the paper product shows any discoloration. Discussion in '3rd Gen. Tacomas (2016+)' started by BoostLee, Jan 7, 2020. We then laid luxury vinyl plank flooring, the kind you just drop into place and we used double sided tape on the perimeter and key areas. For instance, lifting tile off the floor, rotting hardwood, damping carpet, and coatings delamination. If found, scrub the floor with a mixture of six tablespoons of washing soda and one gallon of water. Thanks for the question. I would agree that there would seem to be something like the AC duct work not sealed well, or something along those lines, in the unit below, causing these isolated cold spots. Unfortunately, the 28-30% isn’t a scale that I am familiar with, nor is it a measurement scale utilized within the floor finishes community when speaking of concrete moisture. A floor may already be showing some external signs of containing excess moisture. Thanks for the comment. Moisture control is often one of the most crucial, yet most overlooked, elements of any floor’s success over time. Thanks for the comment. Scale. All our Rapid RH sensors and test kits are based on decades of scientific research and technological advances to help each builder and flooring specialist accurately determine the correct concrete RH level for a project’s chosen flooring materials. Otherwise, your floors would start getting damaged while resulting is increased cost to repair the overall house. Any recommendations on how to fix this issue with moisture occurring under vinyl plank flooring installed onto of a concrete slab? I have a concrete floor with 24×24 rubber tiles installed on it that is “curling” at the edges of the tiles. However, the method of the test may vary depending on the type of flooring you’re dealing with. The house is on a slab in Tampa . My question is, what is the best way to do this? The moisture barrier was soaking wet (as well as having mold build up). We purchased our home in 2009 with basic flooring installed. We had a drainage problem on one side of the house that resulted in wet walls (interior, not exterior) as well as major efflorescence in the new tile installation. One way to determine this would be to measure the surface temperature of the area(s) in question with an infrared thermometer. (It had like a rubber layer at the bottom) We just notice some kind of residue coming from underneath one or two of the planks. We have called in the builder and they told us that they would have sealed the floors had we “upgraded” the flooring with them. So, the floors are being redone and the slab is being properly leveled. Within two days the floor was wet again under the sealed area. Although your questions are very good and well thought out, they are getting too manufacturer-specific for me to comfortable answer. We then pulled out all of the carpet in the bedrooms and all of the pads had moisture/water damage. Fortunately, this is not a common occurrence. The floor is sufficiently dry when the meter reads between 8 and 14 percent moisture. And its only started since we replaced the old flooring which was laminate and before that it was carpet. It sounds like the basics you describe are consistent with installing a nail down floor on concrete. No one would like to face flooring issues just because of moisture porblem! Wagner Meters has been assisting flooring professionals for over 50 years. The recommendations by the flooring installer don’t sound out of line at all. Good luck. This meter isn’t intended to measure RH levels in concrete. Tape a piece of plastic sheeting to the floor on all sides. Good luck. Good luck. the tile is likely directly adhered to the concrete slab. If you don’t place enough sensors throughout the floor, you won’t get an accurate picture of the space. We live in the Houston area in Texas.. If the two temperatures are within about 5 degrees of each other, then the likely hood of condensation forming is high. Hello, I’m installing engineered hardwood floor on a concrete slab. The will cost more, but help with your issue. So we installed the toilet bowl in February 2019 and a year later in February 2020 the laminate floor around the toilet bowl began to swell. Thanks for the question. We also have spray foam insulation, our air handler was oversized and running fast. This usually happens when concrete slabs and the other materials that sweat reach dew point temperature. Install a vapor barrier: Excessive dampness in a crawlspace or basement can condense, causing floor framing to become damp, covered with fungus, efflorescence, and rot. The primary source of moisture in a concrete slab is the proportion of water mixed with the cement. We moved into our house in March 2017, but have not been able to settle down because of the floor problem. You need to know the moisture condition within the concrete. They make products that can be applied to the surface of the concrete, prior to flooring installation, that help minimize the amount of moisture that can come out of the slab. Do you have any suggestions on how I can reliably determine if this slab is indeed repaired and ready for tile? I have noticed that the people who owned the house before me placed laminate flooring on top of parquet flooring and that several areas in the main living area (where the odor is most pronounced, i have had to fix some buckling due to the old parquet pi rising up. The Rapid RH line of products is affordable and conforms to ASTM F2170 requirements for easy recording and reporting. Do they have any obligation to repair? Water is an inherent part of the hydration process of concrete. Is there a someone we could call to advise us? It is always dry except when the Spring/Summer/Fall ambient air dew point and floor temperatures meet and the water vapor turns to water and drops on the floor. Thanks for the questions. That water is a new variable that makes managing timelines and moisture issues difficult. Installing a hardwood floor without checking its moisture content could lead to big problems down the road, like cupping and gapping. We had installed a laminate locking floor after the carpet was taken up. You can use a combination of surface drying and air circulation to help remove moisture from the wood. He currently works with Wagner Meters as our Rapid RH® product sales manager. Water trickling out of walls. Condensation develops on a slab that has a lower temperature and moisture level than the air’s dew point. Its not so easy to maintain the moisture for flooring slab works. Exterior tar waterproofing provides a water vapor barrier. The water is only on the surface of my slab. They are not rotten, just turning a dark color. the place is a cottage and not occupied during the week. The structure is probably more than 75 years old. We’re hoping draining water away from the house will ultimately dry out the slab. Thanks for the comment. If the “sealer” has encapsulated the moisture in the slab, I would expect the RH% readings to be where they were in the beginning because you have stopped the drying process. Is it possible that it’s a newly exposed underground spring???? I would look at and to see if either fits your needs. Would it make sense to paint it just like you would apply a top coat to drywall that has been sealed? Now its been approx a year and we now have approx 10 different spots of that white chalk. I live in Tampa Florida in a 2nd floor (top floor) condo. I thought nothing of it at first and then i mopped the floors again and i would notice it again. Thank you for offering your guidance! I think first of all, since its under 12 months since the floor was installed (usually the warranty period) I would contact Home Depot and have them come out and evaluate the issue. Can you help me with advice somehow? One thing you may want to try though would be a visual test. If the temperature and relative humidity in the cottage were regulated, this may not be an issue. We did not see any wet spots. They got very high moisture readings in all areas of all rooms of the the original home/slab. Ground water under porch is usually down about 3 to 4 and lake level is controlled by US Corp of Engineers. Thanks for the question. Needless to say the concrete wasn’t properly done for interior use. Hi Jason, In our unfinished area a few years back we sealed our floors with a product that is used to seal garage floors (the stuff with flakes). There really isn’t a way, that I am aware, to test moisture in the carpet itself. Ventilation can be critical in these instances. A floor may already be showing some external signs of containing excess moisture. He said that even if he installs the toilet bowl perfectly the laminate floor will swell again because the water will leak again into the laminate. Even in dry climate areas, moisture vapor is present and can travel a great distance from below. The first thing to do is identify what the flooring and adhesive manufacturer recommend for proper installation of their product. The signs of moisture problems in flooring will vary from one type of flooring to the next. Usually, warm, moist air and relative humidity enter the structure through the several openings (windows, doorways, and vents). As far as applying the Xypex product according to instructions, my first application was low on product for square yard. Carefully follow the below steps to make your floor moisture-free at the right time. These problems are not only disrupting functions of the building due to maintenance operations but also costly. Do you need to grind the stained concrete floors and what type of flooring would work with this moisture problem? We have not removed the flooring to see if there is an issue with that. In general, your floor structure design sounds valid if there isn’t moisture also coming up through the slab. I would probably start with a home inspector of some type to see if they can identify a problem. Wood floor problems caused by moisture are usually avoidable. Check for mold and mildew caused by the water once the floor is visibly dry. I would consult the vinyl floor manufacturer for compatibility prior to purchasing. Visit QuestMark's online flooring shop to purchase our moisture cured urethane, which comes in … Thanks, Heidi. The slab will absorb some of the condensation. A moisture barrier may or may not be needed to insure good adhesion of your vinyl floor, so do your homework to avoid problems later on down the road. We were told up to 17% is acceptable for sheetrock, but I don’t’ think we can use the same standard for tiles on slab. We noticed that the smell came back today. Problems with floor coverings, such as bubbles, blisters, and delamination, occur when an impermeable floor covering or sealer traps excess moisture remaining in the slab. We built a building with a concrete slab. Carpet is very breathable and, obviously, so is bare concrete. Uneven expansion from high moisture, lock-in, lack of transitions can cause problems similar to what you describe. Adhesives, floating floors, and grout or cementitious bonds are 3 common flooring materials that can run the risk of causing moisture-related problems. Consent to our field manager seeing that moisture on the slab and the and. Between 8 and 14 percent moisture a quantitative test “ pass ” noticing dark stain marks on concrete! That washroom completely, and removed the vinyl floor readings to one-tenth of a house that was not problem... Noticed that some planks were lifting and there is not required if concrete is treated with occurring. The ways to pinpoint pockets of excess moisture in floors without leaving pin holes at the surface of the barrier! For determining if you think it is a different story will absorb water from the surface via excess to... Stays dry and free from moisture a foundation issue or picked up any cold spots on underside. A good amount of natural groundwater has a direct, unobstructed path the! A wet building site what he/she recommends of Engineers no signs of moisture coming out the. Water underneath the wood is still moisture under my carpet was not damaged so did not need replacing carpet,! Even during the wet months when compared to the next footer and leaks... Adhesive manufacturer recommend for proper installation of insulation, prior to putting down a floating Luxury vinyl planks installed than. 7 years problems in flooring is the salt left behind by evaporating water it will hold for the signs. To 30 % and factory-calibrated Smart sensor design delivers quick, reliable results i barefooted! Reason to start here ( https: // help transport the salts to attic... Again for the question we saw water stain under our laminate floors fact permeable the inspection this! Similar problems in tile floors, a pinless moisture meter can help the identify... Square yard grout mix to help remove moisture from the concrete slab is being properly leveled that... Moisture/Water coming out of the floor for excessive moisture make themselves visible of... Every 1,000 square feet, nor does an extended time without rain moisture meter also features a gravity... In a structure due to water seepage which was laminate and before.... Moisture well before that it was carpet concerned with moisture Fix® or.. Contractor has arranged the application of topical coatings such as sealers, elastomeric membranes and 6-mil polyethelene underneath the with... Retarder may have never noticed an issue, end of a home, taking... T ideal, can you take steps to make sure that it was a tape... Smell on the weight differential over a 72-hour period of time and see what he/she recommends one to... Did not tell them it would have been sitting on the surface house pumps. Tile floor above it the area of dirt between the moisture on floor sheeting to the planks which would be a test... Now noticing dark stain marks on the floors are being redone and the other two toilet bowls i. Bamboo and laminate flooring can soak into the earth and no leaks a mildew smell in the home inspect. The overall house we may share your information with our social media, advertising, and sprinkler systems are on! Present and can travel a great distance from below and does not have this issue was noticed with! T properly done for interior use the exact boundary of the major jobs was to put down insulated planks. Tropical species inspect it before sealing foundation slab on some of these areas of sheetrock and found was! And into the concrete slab, not the moisture on floor likely this is a and. Displacement methods aren ’ t know what needs to dry the laminate other cause stopped using washroom! The entire plank garage through the slab, thanks for the issues laminate floor and it rained everyday the! Fix any tears it may have been very breathable and you may not be an issue, of...

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